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Title: Comparative linguistic analysis of adverbs and adjectives, their classification and usage
Authors: Rahimova, Leyla
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: The present thesis is dedicated to the comparative linguistic analysis of adverbs and adjectives and investigates their main grammatical peculiarities. Grammatical peculiarities of these two parts of speech include their morphological, syntactical and semantical characteristics as well as the position of some special adjectives and adverbs, common errors occurring in their usage, and the specific phenomenon called substantivization of adjectives. This thesis work consists of an introduction part, two main chapters, each of which has three subchapters and a conclusion. The first chapter provides the theoretical views of adverbs and adjectives. First it investigates different linguistic views relating to the notion of adverbs and adjectives, as well as their categorical relationship and differences. The second part of this chapter is dedicated to the morphological characteristic and morphological composition of both adverbs and adjectives. It considers the degrees of comparison of adverbs and adjectives which are viewed as their only grammatical category and the main morphological characteristic. The third part describes the main syntactic functions of adverbs and adjectives and their comparison. Besides, this subchapter considers their semantic characteristic which is closely connected with the classification of adverbs and adjectives. The next chapter shows some practical research. The first subchapter identifies a few special structural types of adverbs of the groups come in, go out, set up, put down, bring up and develops an analysis of different positional characteristics of adverbs and adjectives in a sentence. Here are shown those adjectives which are used only in attributive position and those ones that are used only in predicative position and the special position of some attributive adjectives that come immediately after the noun. Then, it is studied the position of an adverb and is defined that they may come at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of the sentence. The second part of this chapter defines the notion of substantivized adjectives as well as the most important grammatical aspects of this point of grammar. Besides, the question of adjectivized nouns is also considered in this subchapter. Finally, the third part points out several common errors which may occur in the usage of adverbs and adjectives among non-native speakers of English, including the usage of adverbs which have the same form with the adjective, the order of several adjectives before nouns and some confusing cases between adjectives and participles.
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